Elaheh Nazari

Posted on 10th August 2020

Problem Solving 101: A Simple Book for Smart People

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Solving a problem is one of the most difficult jobs in the world because sometimes you have no idea what you are facing. This content will show you how you can interact with your problems.

Main Answer to How to Solve Any Problem Is:

  1. Understand the situation and break the problem down into smaller pieces
  2. Search for the reasons and root causes
  3. Think about the answer and develop an action plan
  4. Start the plan, redesign it if necessary, until the problem is solved

There are tools to that you can use to solve any problem easily.

Problem solving work

Problem Solving Toolbox:

1 – Build a tree of possible reasons based on your logic;

As you may have noticed from the title, with this method you can easily break down the problem into different categories by saving everything and also you can make a group of reasons.

2 – Build a yes/no tree of causes;

Every time you face a problem your mind automatically starts to create lots of yes/no questions and lots of answers to those yes/no questions are made, so we should put them in a bucket, then it will be easier to find the answer to a specific question.

Keep asking yes/no questions until you have all the answers to support your hypotheses. This way you can also find the root cause of your problem.

3 – Design a plan to interact;

Having a plan for everything is good. Doing anything without a plan is so difficult. This title is going to explain that after everything you should stick to a plan to solve the problem, If not you will have enormous amounts of information and won’t have a single target to focus on.

4 – Build a Hypothetical Pyramid of the answers

Put the main conclusion at the top of the pyramid and place the supporting answers below it.

5 – Analyse each hypothesis

Give each possible answer a score by + or –. By this you will have a list of pros and cons for every answer.

6 – Execute the plan

No plan has a value if not set into action, and be sure that you make adjustments while executing the plan until your problem is solved.

Needle in a haystack

Way to goals:

It is easy to solve any problem. You only have to see a clear goal and stick to the plans and make this problem-solving thing a habit so that you can easily solve any other problems.


Problem Solving 101: A Simple Book for Smart People, Ken Watanabe, Penguin, 2009

Downloads for Problem Solving 101

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